Two different forms of dog developed in Newfoundland, descended from European varieties brought by sailors. While the smaller form was to become the ancestor of the Labrador Retriever, the Greater St. John’s Dog evolved into the breed that is recognized today as the Newfoundland. These dogs took to water readily and, because of their size and strength, were able to save the lives of drowning sailors.
Coat Type/Colour: Coarse, dense; black/brown/black and white
Height: 28 Inch (71 cm)
Weight: 140 – 150 lb (63.4 – 68 kg)
Nature: Powerful, amenable, well-balanced; good swimmer
The Newfoundland was first brought to Britain during 1860, but subsequently had nearly died during 1860, but subsequently had nearly died out by the end of the Second World War. Many of today’s bloodlines can be traced back to later imports of American dogs, which maintained the breed’s existence in Britain. Both black and brown forms are now recognized, as well as white and black form that is known as the Landseer after the famous Victorian artist Sir Edwin Landseer (1802-73), who painted these dogs.
Newfoundlands are well-balanced, amenable dogs that will settle well in a household large enough to accommodate them. They have retained their swimming skills, and can also prove valuable as guard dogs. Their size alone is a considerable deterrent, but if threatened, they are likely to prove fierce in defence of people around them.